The burden of proof is what a party must demonstrate to prevail in a case.
For example, the burden of proof in a criminal case is on the prosecutor. The prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty of the crime. If the jury agrees that the prosecutor met the burden of proof they will find the defendant guilty.
In a civil case, the burden of proof is usually on the plaintiff to prove their case by a preponderance of the evidence. That is, if the jury believes that it more likely that the defendant is liable than not liable, the plaintiff has met their burden of proof.« Back to Glossary Index