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A private right of action is when a private citizen is allowed to sue to enforce a law. For example, certain federal laws, prohibit false statements in connection with the sale of stocks and bonds. Because some of these laws include a private right of action, when private parties believe they are victims of this type of fraud, they have the right to sue defendants for violating the laws. Of course, the government may also enforce the law, but the private right of action provides private parties with the right to also sue to enforce the law.

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