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Forum refers to the location of the court where a trial takes place. There are a few phrases you will typically here with forum, including:

Forum State: Forum state refers to the state where a court is located. For example, if plaintiff sues defendant in a New York court, the forum state is New York.

Forum Shopping: Forum shopping is where a party strategically chooses a court that the party believes is likely to have the best outcome for that party. For example, if one state or country’s laws or location are particularly favorable for a party, that party will try to ensure that the case is heard in that state or country.

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