Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 3
Rule 3. Commencing an Action
A civil action is commenced by filing a complaint with the court.
What is a Complaint?
What must be included in the Complaint?
Rule 8 provides the rules governing general pleadings. Rule 9 provides the rules governing special matters, such as fraud. There are also some statutes that impose requirements on complaints in certain types of cases, such as securities fraud cases.
- Remember, civil action means a civil lawsuit.