The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution protect people’s right to due process of law – – meaning fair procedures – – before the government takes away their life, liberty, or property. The amount of due process depends on the circumstances.
The Fifth Amendment applies to the federal government. The Fourteenth Amendment applies to the States. The Fourteenth Amendment was originally enacted after the Civil War to protect the rights of former slaves.« Back to Glossary Index